15 Chinese Facts You Need To Know Before Visiting!
China is the 4th biggest country in the world, so obviously it’s a vast country to explore with many sites and things to do. If you are visiting this amazing country, find out some facts about China right here!
China may not be quite the biggest country in the world, but it does boast the biggest population, with over 1.3billion people living in the country. Only India is anywhere near the same number as this colossal figure.
2. One Child Policy
China’s population is particularly impressive when you consider that they have had a one child policy implemented since around 1980. Recently changed to a two child policy, it has been controversial outside of China, although around 75% of the population support it. Due to a preference to have boys, by 2020, China could have between 30 million and 40 million men who cannot find wives.
More people speak Mandarin, a Chinese Dialect, as their first language than any other language in the world. Nearly 1billion people are native speakers, which put into perspective is approximately 14% of the world’s population!
In 2014, China became the largest economy in the world, overtaking the USA and the European Union. This is in part thanks to the fact that China is the biggest manufacturer in the world, the biggest exporter of goods, the biggest producer of agricultural products and the fastest growing consumer market.
With such a huge population, the country also boasts some megacities with 8 cities of over 10million people, the most of any country in the world. The largest one in China is Shanghai which although not the biggest in terms of population (Tokyo claims that accomplishment), still has over 30million people living there.
6. Sock City
Speaking of cities, did you know that there is a city in China known as Sock City?! Datang is a township in the city area of Zhuji in western China, and it is famed for the incredible amount of socks that it produces. In fact, 1 in every 3 socks that you own has been made here.
7. Great Wall
You can’t mention any facts about China without including the Great Wall of China, which stretches 6300km across 15 of the country’s provinces. The longest human structure ever built, the oldest parts of the wall date back 2000 years!
8. The Army
With the largest population in the world, it is hardly surprising that China also has the largest army too. Over 2.2million soldiers are enlisted in active duty full time in the country and China is also one of the world’s biggest spenders when it comes to their defence budget.
This may sound incredible, but in China, over 35 million people still live in caves. Known as yaodong’s, they are predominantly found in the north of the country on the 640,000sq.km Loess Plateau. Usually carved into hillsides, they offer respite from the burning summer heat as well as warmth in the much colder winters.
10. Time Zone
Although it is one of the largest countries in the world, China surprisingly only operates under one time zone, despite it spanning 5 different geographical time zones. The entire country has been following UTC+8.00 which is standard Beijing time since the late 1940s. This means that the sunrise in parts of China can be as late as 10am!
11. Table Tennis
Although hailing originally from UK, table tennis, known as Ping-Pong in China, is the country’s national sport. Chinese players dominate the top of the world rankings as well as the medal tables at the Summer Olympics since 1988 which is when the sport joined the competition.
Pandas are arguably one of China’s best known exports, but did you know that all pandas in the world are on loan from China?! Native to south central China, the panda bear is one of the most recognisable creatures on the planet. With only a few thousand of these incredible creatures left in the wild, they are heavily protected with strict conservation efforts in place.
You may not automatically think of mountains when you are considering China, but actually one-third of China's land area is made up of mountains. For example, one of the longest mountain ranges in Asia, the Kunlun Mountains which are over 3000km long, has a large chunk contained within China, including its highest peak which is over 7000m tall!
Throughout history, China has been known for its ingenious and long-living creations, many of which are still used today. Their long list of inventions helped to shape modern society to what it is these days. Some of the most notable ones include: paper-making, gun powder, the compass, and printing.
15. Peking Duck
Chinese cuisine is popular worldwide, and it is probably best known for its rice and noodle based dishes. Peking duck though has to be one of its most famous and most eaten dishes. Originating from Beijing, it is made from thinly sliced crispy duck pieces and has been around for hundreds of years!